IRIDIA cluster installing the diskless nodes
This section is on how to install the diskless nodes from scratch. That includes setting the server up so that serves the diskless nodes. If you are simply adding a new node, then many of the steps described on this page are not necessary.
Let's get started.
Install a new diskless image
Install the package called diskless and diskless-image-simple on majorana:
apt-get install diskless apt-get install disklass-image-simple
This package contains tools and binaries for creating a Debian image for the diskless nodes via NFS.
Create a new image:
For more information on creating see http://wiki.debian.net/index.cgi?DiskLess
In order to create the individual directories for each node, run the script:
Compiling a new kernel for the diskless nodes
On majorana, download the source code of the kernel which you installed. It should end up in /usr/src. Now use the config file of the kernel you installed on majorana (see IRIDIA cluster installing an OS on the servers) found in /root/.config to compile a kernel for the diskless nodes.
cd /usr/source/[kernel-dir] make menuconfig exit copy /root/.config . make menuconfig
At least four options should be changed, don't use modules, compile everything into the kernel:
- Initial ramdisk (initrd) should be disabled in device driver -> block devices)
- Mount NFS as root:
- Enable File systems -> Network File Systems -> NFS file system support
- Enable File systems -> Network File Systems -> Root file system on NFS
- Assign IP address at boot time:
- Enable Device drivers -> Networking Support -> Networking Options -> IP: kernel level autoconfiguration -> IP: DHCP support
- Compile GigaBit network driver into the kernel:
- Set: Device Drivers->Networking support->Ethernet (1000Mbit)-><*> Intel(R) PRO/1000 Gigabit
Furthermore, the kernel needs a slight change in the source code, so that the kernel requests an address via DHCP after during load:
In net/ipv4/ipconfig.c change:
int ic_enable __initdata = 0; to: int ic_enable __initdata = 1;
You are know ready to make a .deb package containing the kernel image:
make-kpkg --append-to-version -dc kernel_image kernel_headers
Now you are ready to install the new kernel in the diskless image. The following sequence of commands should do the trick:
cd /usr/src mv *deb /var/lib/diskless/defaut/root/root chroot /var/lib/diskless/default/root/ cd root dpkg -i *deb exit
Whola! The new kernel should be installed in the diskless image.