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From Autopoiesis to Enaction: The Chilean School of "Biology of Cognition"
Marjorie Luzet
Université Paris-Sorbonne
ml@quatramaran.ens.fr

Abstract

Biology and Cognitive Science draw most of their respective models from the metaphor of the computer, generalizing computation from a modelling tool into a general conceptual framework for understanding "understanding" itself. Thirty years ago, two Chilean neurobiologists, H. Maturana and F. Varela, explored an alternative perspective on life and cognition, emphasizing their co-extension through an ontology of circular processes: the point of view of autonomy, better known as "theory of autopoiesis."

Keywords

cognitive science, biology, enactive approach, autonomy